IL-1 family members include inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines. They can be beneficial or detrimental, not only in cancer, but also in inflammatory conditions. Mast cells (MCs) originate from CD34+/CD117+/CD13+ pluripotent hematopoietic stem cells, express c-Kit receptor (c-Kit-R), which regulates the proliferation and sustain the survival, differentiation and maturation of MCs. They are immune cells involved in innate and adaptive immunity, allergy, autoimmunity, cancer and inflammation. MCs along with T cells and macrophages release interleukin (IL)-10, which is a pleiotropic immunoregulatory cytokine with multiple biological effects. IL-10 inhibits Th1 inflammatory cells, in particular TNF mostly generated by macrophages and MCs, and down-regulates IFN-γ, IL-1 and IL-6. IL-37 is a family member cytokine which binds IL-18 receptor α chain and inhibits inflammatory mediators including TNF, IL-1, IL-6, IL-33 and nitric oxide (NO). IL-37 similar to IL-10 inhibits MC inflammatory cytokines in several disorders, including asthma, allergy, arthrtitis and cancer. Here we report a study comparing IL-10 with IL-37, two anti-inflammatory cytokines.
To extend our understanding of previous studies on the pathogenesis and mechanism of high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) in chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP), here we show that Sirtuin 6 (Sirt6), one of the Sirtuin family members which are widely studied in aging, DNA repair, metabolism, inflammation and cancer, was expressed in normal nasal mucosa using immunohistochemical staining and Western blot assay. Sirt6 expression levels were decreased in CRSwNP tissue. Sirt6 expression levels were modulated by small interfering RNA transfection in human nasal epithelial cells (HNE). We found that depletion of Sirt6 suppressed the number of human nasal epithelial cell cilia, and dramatically induced HMGB1 translocation from nucleus to cytoplasm in the HNE cells. Glycyrrhizic acid (GA) and glycyrrhetinic acid (GTA) are specific chemical compounds that may be isolated from the licorice plant. GTA has been shown to have anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic activity: it binds selectively to HMGB1 protein released extra-cellularly and inhibits its cytokine activities through a scavenger mechanism on the protein accumulation. In an in vitro study we used the 18-β-stereoisomer of GTA to enhance Sirt6 expression levels, inhibiting through this mechanism the translocation of HMGB1 protein from nucleus and reversing its extracellular accumulation stimulated by lipopolysaccharides. These findings reveal a previously unknown role for nasal mucosa steady-state conditions in the control of Sirt6 activity, and provide evidence for a relationship between HMGB1 and Sirt6 in CRSwNP, and promising benefits of glycyrrhetinic acid for CRSwNP patients
CD4+ T cells are considered as a subset of cells that play a pivotal role in the development of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The aim of this study was to assess the levels of interleukin (IL)-2, IL-21 and their receptors produced by CD4+ T cells in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Thirty-two patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) and mean age of 37.93±10.37 years, as well as 22 patients with Crohn's disease (CD) and mean age of 37.04±10.44 years, were studied. The healthy controls (HC) included 31 subjects with a mean age of 36.7±10.48 years. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were isolated from all the participants. The CD4+ T cells were isolated and the expression of IL-2 and IL-21 and also their receptors were examined by flow cytometry. The level of IL-2+ cells was significantly increased in UC patients compared with HC (40.71±6.04 vs 37.24±6.54, respectively, p=0.04). The level of IL-21+ cells was also significantly elevated in CD patients compared with HC (4.44±1 vs 3.83±0.74, respectively, p=0.02). Furthermore, we found a significant positive correlation between clinical activity index (CAI) and IL-21+ cells. According to the results, we hypothesize that the elevated level of IL-2+ and IL-21+ T cells and a positive correlation between IL-21+ cells with CAI in UC patients may contribute to the pathogenesis of disease. Moreover, the assessment of cells producing such cytokines constitutes a potential diagnostic and therapeutic strategy for IBD.
In recent years, many studies have found that tumor metastasis-related gene T-lymphoma invasion and metastasis-inducing factor 1 (TIAM1) had abnormal high expression in a variety of tumor cells; however, there are few studies regarding its expression in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). This study aimed to observe the expression of TIAM1 in OSCC and investigated its clinical significance. The expression of TIAM1 in tissues from 120 cases of OSCC and oral mucosa from 40 normal cases was detected by immunohistochemistry, and the relationship between the expression of TIAM1 and the clinicopathological parameters of OSCC was analyzed. The positive expression rate of TIAM1 in the OSCC tissues was significantly higher than that in the normal oral mucosa (92.5% vs 0%). With the decrease of histological differentiation of OSCC, the increase of tumor node metastasis (TNM) stage and the occurrence of lymph node metastasis, the TIAM1 staining positive rate was gradually increased, and the difference was statistically significant (P less than 0.05). However, the expression of TIAM1 in the OSCC tissues was in no correlation with the gender and age of the patients. The expression of TIAM1 is closely related to the occurrence, development and metastasis of OSCC, and it can be used as a new marker for reflecting its biological behaviors.
The porcine model is often used in clinical trials. The pig has many fundamental anatomic, physiological and nutritional similarities to humans. Additionally, the European Medicines Agency (EMA) demands the use large animals in clinical studies. Oral mucosa has received special attention due to its regenerative properties. Oral tissue is composed of several types of cells including fibroblasts and keratinocytes. The porcine oral mucosa/buccal pouch mucosa has a cellular structure with defined proliferation and differentiated capability. In this study, we investigated the expression pattern of porcine buccal pouch mucosal cell proliferation and differentiation markers such as Ki-67, proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), and involucrin. We observed a clear monolayer culture of spindle-shaped, porcine buccal pouch mucosal cells during 168 h of real-time in vitro culture. The RTCA assays revealed parametric and progressive increases in proliferation after 72 h of IVC. We found an altered proliferation index (PI) in the replicated groups of experiments except through the 144-168 h proliferation period. The RT-qPCR results demonstrated a significant increase in Ki-67 and PCNA expression after 48, 120, and 168 h of IVC as compared to other culture periods (P>0.001). The involucrin mRNA displayed increased expression after 168 h of IVC as compared to other periods. We observed a lack of PCR product at 24 h in the case of Ki-67 and both before IVC (0h) and after 24 h of IVC for PCNA mRNA. When we analyzed the three transcripts together, we found the highest expression of involucrin during each of the culture periods. It has been suggested that Ki-67, PCNA, and involucrin may be successfully used as markers of porcine buccal pouch mucosal cell proliferation and differentiation capability in vitro
Chronic constriction injury (CCI) simulates the symptoms of chronic nerve compression, which is characterized by allodynia and hyperalgesia. Nerve growth factor (NGF) is released after nerve injury by immune and Schwann cells and transported in retrograde fashion to the dorsal root ganglion (DRG), resulting in increased synthesis of Substance P (SP) and the triggering of neuropathic pain. Here we performed long-term evaluation of allodynia and hyperalgesia in a CCI model, and evaluated the effects of NGF and SP on the peripheral and central nervous systems. Most previous studies have shown deficits and molecular changes 14 days after surgery, however, the long-term effects have not been evaluated. We performed Randall-Selitto, Von Frey, Hargreaves and acetone tests for the entire 56 days post-surgery. Several of these deficits increased 14 to 56 days after CCI and we measured a constant increase in NGF levels in the DRG and spinal cord over the course of the experiment. In contrast, SP optical density maintained enhanced expression in DRG tissue from 14 to 56 days after CCI, whereas it was significantly increased only 56 days post-surgery in spinal cord. We perform long-term evaluation of symptoms associated with CCI and measure associated molecular changes. Moreover, by characterizing the behavioral signatures of this model, our work supports future studies
This study elucidates the question of whether chronic inflammation in the jawbone contributes to the development of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS). Fatty degenerative osteonecrosis in jawbone (FDOJ) may contribute to CFS by induction of inflammatory mediators. We examined seven cytokines by multiplex analysis in jawbone samples from two groups of patients. In order to clarify neurological interrelations, specimens from 21 CFS patients were analyzed from areas of previous surgery in the retromolar wisdom tooth area. Each of the retromolar jawbone samples showed clinically fatty degenerated and osteonecrotic medullary changes. As control, healthy jawbone specimens from 19 healthy patients were analyzed. All fatty necrotic and osteolytic jawbone (FDOJ) samples showed high expression of RANTES and fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-2. FDOJ cohorts showed a 30-fold mean overexpression of RANTES and a 20-fold overexpressed level of FGF-2 when compared to healthy controls. As RANTES is discussed in the literature as a possible contributor to inflammatory diseases, we hypothesize that FDOJ in areas of improper and incomplete wound healing in the jawbone may hyperactivate signaling pathways. Constituting a hidden source of "silent inflammation" FDOJ may represent a hitherto unknown cause for the development of CFS.
This study compared the effect of dynamic hip screw (DHS) and proximal femoral nail anti-rotation (PFNA) in the treatment of intertrochanteric femoral fractures of elderly subjects and evaluated the effect of PFNA internal fixation. Two hundred and sixteen elderly patients with intertrochanteric femoral fracture who received treatment in Binzhou Medical University Hospital, Shandong, China were selected. They were divided into a PFNA group which adopted PFNA for internal fixation and a DHS group which adopted DHS for internal fixation, 108 cases in each group. The physical condition of the patients in the two groups were recorded on admittance. The fracture was typed according to Evans-Jensen classification criteria. Patients were followed up after surgery to evaluate the postoperative recovery and Harris score of hip joint function. Except for the length of hospital stay, the length of incision, interoperative blood loss, volume of drainage and duration of operation of the PFNA group were all superior to those of the DHS group (P less than 0.05); the incidence of postoperative complications of the PFNA group was lower than that of the DHS group (P less than 0.05); the early Harris score of the treatment was superior to that of the DHS group, and there was no remarkable difference (P>0.05). PFNA has more advantages than DHS in treating intertrochanteric femoral fracture of the elderly; hence it is worth wide application in clinical use.
Peripheral nerve injury in surgical trauma patients is very common. The femoral nerve can be divided into two branches: one regarding the quadricep muscles and one the skin. After nerve transection and suture, the motor axons have an equal opportunity to regenerate into the original muscle branch, or regenerate into the sensory skin nerves. These anatomical features of femoral nerve have made it important in nerve regeneration research. Thus, this study was designed to examine the effects of an H-type nerve regeneration chamber on motor nerve regeneration after femoral nerve injury. We performed femoral nerve injuries in adult rats and assessed nerve recovery over a 4-week post-operative period. Additionally, we evaluated nerve regeneration in the same animals anatomically, using several histological staining methods to provide structure analyses. We found that H-type nerve regeneration chamber provided enhanced improvement in nerve regeneration without nerve anastomosis, as compared with nerve anastomosis. Furthermore, incorrect nerve anastomosis reduced the nerve fiber diameter and thickness of myelin sheaths in regenerated nerve fibers. Finally, H-type nerve regeneration chamber provided enhanced functional recovery of nerve fibers, particularly for motor nerves. Together, our results suggest that direct nerve suture cannot effectively improve the functional recovery of damaged nerves, and nerve chemotaxis coupled with nerve regeneration chamber can effectively improve the effects of nerve regeneration, and enhance the prognosis of nerve injury repair.
The objective of this study was to assess the oral Candida carriage and species prevalence in denture stomatitis (DS) patients with and without diabetes mellitus (DM). To address the focused question “In patients receiving dentures, how does having diabetes compared to no diabetes influences the carriage and species prevalence of oral Candida?” Indexed databases were explored without time or language restrictions up to and including February 2017. Nine studies were included. In these studies, the number of diabetics ranged between 14 patients and 405 individuals with mean ages ranging between 33 years and 66.4 years. In five studies, the percentage of hyperglycemic patients in the diabetic group ranged from 14.3% to 100%. In one study, all diabetic patients were normoglycemic. Seven studies reported Candida-associated DS to be significantly higher among diabetics than non-diabetics. Candida albicans was the most prevalent species isolated among diabetics and non-diabetics with DS. Denture-wearers with DM are more susceptible to Candida-associated DS as compared to non-diabetics
his study aimed to investigate the role of three-dimensional color tomographic ultrasound (3D-CTU) and three-dimensional color power Doppler (3D-CPD) imaging in diagnostics of liver lesions. Based on 3D-anatomical sectional structures of the liver, we used 3D-CTU and 3D-CPD techniques to reconstitute 3D-images of lobes, segments, and intra-segmental blood vessels, and lesions of the liver. With the use of this technique, we were able to generate 3D vascular patterns of liver lobes, segments and tumor lesions, and their spatial relationship. The observed vascular patterns of intra- and peri-tumor (including surrounding lobes and segments) and the spatial relation can be used for accurate positioning of liver lesions
We discuss the physical mechanisms of microwave heating of milk and infant formulas, and possible causes of nutrient degradation and scalds of infants reported in a number of papers. We list the advantages of microwave heating, formulate criteria of safe heating, and discuss discrepancies between different papers. A novel technique of microwave heating which prevents scalds and saves nutrients is reported. It features an appropriate and stepless microwave power control with direct temperature monitoring under forced permanent mixing. The discussed heating method does not kill live lactobacilli, has no influence on pathogen growth and does not modify the content of nutrients. We conclude that guidelines, which prohibit milk heating in domestic microwave ovens, are quite correct. Nevertheless, specific techniques of microwave heating can be successfully used due to their usability, fast heating, guaranteed precise target temperature and overall automation.
This paper aimed to analyze the clinical effects of Xianling Gubao capsules on the bone mineral density (BMD) of 94 patients with osteoporosis. After reviewing and analyzing the clinical information in our hospital from January 2015 to January 2016, the patients were divided into a control group and a treatment group with 47 cases in each group. Patients in the control group were treated with routine Western medicine, while the treatment group received Xianling Gubao capsules. Both groups were treated continuously for 3 courses (30 days each course) and had their BMD analyzed and compared. The effective rates of the treatment group and control group were 91.48% and 70.21%, respectively, with statistical significance (P less than 0.05). Compared with the same group before the treatment, the bone metabolic indexes (blood calcium, phosphorus, and alkaline phosphate) and the BMD of the femoral neck and lumbar vertebrae (L1-2, L3-4, L2-4) of both groups were all improved with statistical significance (P less than 0.05) after the treatment. The above indexes of the treatment group were all significantly higher than those of the control group, with statistical significance (P less than 0.05). Compared with the same group before treatment (P less than 0.05), the osteocalcin (OC) levels of both groups were increased, and the Cross-linked N-telopeptide of type 1 collagen (CTX-1) levels were decreased after the treatment. The OC level in the treatment group was higher when compared with the control group, while the CTX-1 level was lower compared to the control group (P less than 0.05). Moreover, no significant side-effects or adverse events were observed during the treatment and observation period. The Xianling Gubao Capsule possesses a therapeutic effect for BMD in osteoporosis patients, which can effectively increase their BMD, improve their bone metabolism, and control the loss of bone mass, therefore, can be used in clinical promotion and application.
Since the successful collection of the first progenitor stem cells (SCs), there has been an increased interest in these cells as a model for undiscovered and unlimited potential of differentiation and development. Additionally, it was shown that SC populations display an ability to form pluripotent and/or totipotent cell populations. It was found that human ovarian granulosa cells (GCs) maintain a large capacity for differentiation into several other cell lineages, such as chondrogenic, osteogenic, neurogenic, and adipogenic, particularly during long-term, in vitro culture. In these cases, the specific media supplements that promote various pathways of differentiation, such as leukemia-inhibiting factor (LIF) and/or FSH, are well recognized. However, these are only some examples of the differentiation possibilities of human SCs in vitro and other pathways still require further investigation. Many SC populations, which are directed to differentiate into specific cell types, are also successfully used in several human disease therapies, e.g. leukemia. Moreover, SCs are used for tissue scaffold construction in patients with respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. In this review, the most recent knowledge about the in vitro growth and differentiation capacity of SCs is presented. Furthermore, we discuss the possible worldwide application of SCs in advanced cell and tissue bioengineering. In conclusion, it is suggested that, in the future, SCs will be a basic strategy in human therapy, and their use will open new gates in regenerative and reconstructive medicine in the 21st century
This paper aimed to analyze the effects of respiratory training on pulmonary function during the rehabilitation period for acute organic fluorine-poisoned patients treated by non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV). Sixty-two acute organic fluorine-poisoned patients admitted to the Xinxiang Central Hospital, Xinxiang City, China, from May 2012 to March 2016 were selected and randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, with 31 cases in each. Both groups received NIPPV. The patients in the control group exercised daily, while the patients in the observation group received contracting lips-abdominal breathing training. The therapeutic effects, pulmonary ventilation function, serum levels of α-antitrypsin1 (α-AT1), surfactant protein D (SP-D), neutrophil elastase (NE), transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1), and quality of life were analyzed and compared between the two groups both before and after the administration of treatment. The total effective rate of the observation group was 93.55%, which was significantly higher when compared with the control group (74.19%) (P less than 0.05). The levels of forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), FEV1/FVC ratio, vital capacity (VC), carbon monoxide diffusion capacity (DLco), and maximal voluntary ventilation (MVV) of the observation group were better when compared with the control group and had statistical significance (P less than 0.05). Before treatment, the serum levels of α-AT1, SP-D, NE, and TGF-β1, and quality of life had no statistical significance in either group (P>0.05); after treatment, these indexes and the quality of life for the observation group were significantly higher when compared with the control group, with statistical significance (P less than 0.05). The respiratory training in acute organic fluorine-poisoned patients treated by NIPPV can improve the serum indexes, dilute toxicity, and recover pulmonary function, which play key roles in improving the therapeutic effects and quality of life of patients, and is worthy of clinical promotion
Nitric oxide (NO) has emerged as a potent effector molecule for a post-resuscitation disease as a result of the low-energy defibrillation. In this article, the authors anlysed the changes of endogenous nitric oxide levels in serum of 35 healthy rabbits after the transthoracic application of low-energy two-phase shock impulse. The animals were randomised into four groups according to the electrical energy dose to be applied during the experiment. Life parameters of the animals were monitored using the BeneViev T5 patient monitor. The nitric oxide concentration in the groups was measured before, 15 and 360 minutes after applying the low-energy two-phase linear electrical impulse. From 15 to 360 minutes the decrease in nitric oxide concentration was observed. The effect was dependent on single impulse and accumulated energy volumes. The highest decrease of NO concentration was observed in 15 minutes following the application of two electrical impulses of accumulated energy of 8 J/kg/bm. After 360 minutes following the application, a significant increase in nitric oxide levels was recorded. The changes in the nitric oxide levels in the blood serum 15 minutes after the defibrillation may initiate the vasomotor disorders as a result of the low-energy influence of the shock impulse
Pancreatic cancer is characterized by rapid onset, high malignancy and high mortality, thus its early diagnosis is effective for improving the survival rate of patients. To discuss the values of detection of carbohydrate antigen (CA) 50, CA242 and CA199 in the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer, this study randomly selected 112 patients who were confirmed as having stage Ia~IIb pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) in the Shandong Provincial Hospital, China, from May 2012 to May 2013 as a malignant group. One hundred patients with benign pancreatic lesions and 90 healthy people were selected in the same period as a benign group and a healthy control group, respectively. The levels of serum CA199, CA242 and CA50 were detected using electrochemiluminescence. Results demonstrated that the levels of serum CA199, CA242 and CA50 of the malignant group were significantly higher than those of the benign group and the healthy control group (P=0.001; P=0.003; P=0.000). The positive rate of the tumor markers of the malignant group was higher than that of the benign group and the healthy control group, and the differences had statistical significance (P=0.006; P=0.004; P=0.005). In the malignant group, sensitivity of CA199 was the highest (81.42%) as was the specificity of CA242 (80.14%). The detection of two or more markers could improve sensitivity (joint detection based on parallel tests) and specificity (joint detection based on serial tests). Thus the levels of serum tumor markers including CA199, CA242 and CA50 could be used as the assisted indicators for the diagnosis of early-stage PDAC. Joint detection of the three tumor markers is of great significance to improve the diagnostic sensitivity and accuracy of early PDAC.
This study aims to analyse the clinical effects of continuous blood purification (CBP) in children with severe sepsis to form a basis for CBP application in this context. One hundred and twenty children with severe sepsis treated in Binzhou People' s Hospital, Shandong, China, from June 2013 to June 2014 were divided into two groups, a treatment and a control group, depending on parental preference. The control group was treated conventionally, and the treatment group underwent CBP in addition to conventional therapy. Cardiovascular and respiratory parameters were measured on admission and after 72 h. This study also assayed interleukin (IL)-8 and tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α levels, and monitored clinical outcomes and prognosis. The cardiovascular and respiratory parameters of the treatment group improved to a significantly greater extent than did those of the control group (all P less than 0.05). After treatment, the levels of IL-8, IL-6, IL-10, and TNF-α declined in both groups, but more so in the treatment group (all P>0.05). The white blood cell count and C-reactive protein level fell more in the treatment than control group, with statistical significance (both P less than 0.05). CBP remarkably improved the cardiovascular and respiratory functions of children with severe sepsis, probably by eliminating factors mediating inflammation
Diabetes shows no obvious clinical symptoms in the early stage, which makes it difficult to be detected; however, as a common and frequently occurring disease, its morbidity increases with the improvement in the standard of living. Therefore, early detection, diagnosis and treatment of diabetes are of great importance. This study investigated the application values of urinary albumin (Alb), immunoglobulin G (IgG) and Beta-microglobulin (β2mG) in the diagnosis of diabetes. Seventy-four elderly patients with confirmed diabetes who were admitted to the Central Hospital of Zibo from May 2014 to May 2015 were taken as an observation group, and fifty normal healthy people were taken as a control group. Levels and positive detection rates of Alb, IgG and β2mG in the two groups were compared. The results showed that the levels of Alb, IgG and β2mG of the observation group were higher than those of the control group, and the positive detection rates of Alb, IgG and β2mG were 74.3%, 62.2% and 67.6%, respectively, which were higher than 6%, 16% and 12% in the control group; the differences were all statistically significant (P less than 0.05). The difference of the content of Alb, IgG and β2mG between patients with different disease courses was statistically significant (P less than 0.05). Therefore, Alb, IgG and β2mG levels are closely related to severity of diabetes, which provides a medical reference to the diagnosis and examination of diabetes and has important clinical values
Prediabetes is a state of high risk for developing some metabolic disorders. Previous studies have shown that components of some mediators involved in glucose metabolism regulation may have a profound effect during developing prediabetes state. This study investigates the effect of some novel prediabetic-related factors in prediabetes individuals for the first time. Sixty prediabetes (American Diabetes Association criteria) and 25 healthy control subjects were enrolled in the study. Systemic and chronic inflammatory diseases, coronary heart disease, and malignant disease patients were excluded. Anthropometric measurements and fasting glucose, insulin, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), lipid profile, preptin, and serum and leuckocyte levels of FOXO-1 and mTOR were determined. The findings showed an elevated level of leukocyte mTOR in the Impaired Glucose Tolerance (IGT) group and leukocyte FOXO-1 in the Impaired Fasting Glucose (IFG) and IGT groups compared to the control group. Moreover, higher levels of serum, and leukocyte FOXO-1 in the control group, and leukocyte mTOR level in the IFG group were detected in females compared to males. There was a positive correlation between all of the studied serum parameters, and a positive correlation between basal glucose concentration and leukocyte mTOR and FOXO-1. According to our results, elevated serum and cellular levels of mTOR in the IGT group and FOXO-1 in IFG and IGT groups may be triggered by increased glucose concentration. Indeed, mTOR-mediated variations in cellular level from female patients and FOXO-1-mediated variations of male patients indicated that these factors might play a critical role in glucose intolerance
Little is known about the role of the kallikrein-kinin system in chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU). Kallikrein 5 (KLK5), a trypsin-like enzyme, is the most abundant in the skin and plays a role in itching and inflammatory reaction. In this study, we determined plasma KLK5 concentration, and its associations with acute phase response in CSU patients. Concentrations of KLK5 in plasma and CRP in serum were measured in patients with CSU of varying severity and in the healthy subjects. Plasma KLK5 concentrations were significantly lower in CSU (all) and moderate-severe CSU patients, as compared with the controls. There were no significant differences in KLK5 concentration in mild CSU patients as compared with the healthy subjects and moderate-severe CSU patients. No correlation was observed between KLK5 and CRP concentrations in the patients. It may be considered that circulating kallikrein 5 is down-regulated in CSU patients, however its potential role and the possible underlying mechanism are unknown.
This study investigates the expression of interleukin (IL)-17 (IL-17A and IL-17D) and its role in ovarian epithelial tumor and its correlation with the clinical characteristics. Fifty malignant ovarian epithelial tumor specimens were collected after surgery and set as group A. Ten benign epithelioma specimens and ten normal epithelial specimens were set as group B and C, respectively. The expression of IL-17A and IL-17D in the three groups was detected using the EnVision method, and the correlation of positive expression rate with pathological type, clinical stage, presence of ascites and differentiation degree was analyzed. Group A had higher expression of IL-17A and IL-17D compared to group B and C (p less than 0.05). The expression rate was in correlation to clinical stage and differentiation degree, but in no correlation to pathological type and presence of ascites. The expression rate of malignant epithelioma in the early stage was lower than that in the late stage (p less than 0.05). Lower differentiation degree indicated higher expression rate (p less than 0.05). Pathological type and presence of ascites had no remarkable influence on the expression rate (p>0.05). Study of the expression of IL-17 provides theoretical support for the clinical treatment and prognosis prediction of ovarian epithelial tumor
The present study aimed to evaluate the antioxidant activity of six selected aphrodisiac medicinal plants. Useful parts of the selected medicinal plants were collected and extracted in methanolic solvent. The antioxidant activity of selected plant extract was determined through different antioxidant assays, namely DPPH radical scavenging assay and ferric reducing antioxidant assay. Moreover, antioxidant compounds, like total phenolics and total flavonoids contents, were also determined. Results showed that Mucuna pruriens seed extract displayed high contents of phenolic compounds with total phenolic content of 683.15±4.28 mg GAE/g dry plant material while the least phenolic content was observed in Asparagus racemosus (195.5±3.02 mg GAE/g dry plant material). Highest total flavonoids content was found in Anacyclus pyrethrum roots (156.58±4.01 μg CE/g) and the least content was found in Asparagus racemosus roots. Among the studied plant extracts, the highest radical scavenging activity was shown by Mucuna pruriens seed extract (82.05±0.55%) and the least percent scavenging activity was observed in Tribulus terrestris extract (36.40±2.01%). Vitamin C was used as positive control for antioxidant assays showing 93.54±0.9% radical scavenging activity. The plant extract also exhibited a strong reducing potential against free radicals. Therefore, the present study concluded that all the studied medicinal plants possess varying concentrations of secondary active metabolites responsible for the antioxidant properties of the tested plant extracts
The present study was designed to investigate the immunomodulatory potential of Anacyclus pyrethrum roots and Mucuna pruriens seeds in male albino rats. The roots of A. pyrethrum and seeds of M. pruriens were extracted with methanolic solvent (70:30) and administered at dose concentrations of 50, 100 and 200 mg/Kg body weight to healthy male rats. The immune system of rats was suppressed by injecting carbon tetrachloride to animals in the toxic control group and test group animals. Cell-mediated immune response of animals was examined by performing neutrophil adhesion test and the humoral immune response was evaluated by determining serum immunoglobulin levels of the animals under study. The administration of methanolic extracts of A. pyrethrum roots and M. pruriens seeds significantly (p less than 0.05) increased the neutrophil adhesion to the nylon fiber. Increase in % neutrophil adhesion was observed in animals treated with 200 mg of each plant extract. Significant (p less than 0.05) improvement in immunoglobulin levels was recorded in the extract treated group animals, showing that the root extract of A. pyrethrum and seed extract of M. pruriens have immunomodulatory potential. We therefore conclude that the tested extracts can be used as immunomodulatory agents to stimulate the immune system
This study analyzed the temporal-spatial distribution characteristics, epidemiological characteristics and gene sequences of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) in Guangxi, with the intention of providing a theoretical and technical support for the prevention of HFRS. A map of the incidence of HFRS of different cities in Guangxi was drawn up using the Geographic Information System (GIS) to investigate the epidemiological characteristics and infection source of HFRS between 2013 and 2016. Guangxi has a low incidence of HFRS, and autumn and winter are the main high-incidence seasons. Cases of HFRS were reported in all regions in Guangxi except Laibin city between 2013 and 2016. The distribution of cases in the four years suggested that Guilin, Nanning, Hechi and Wuzhou were the main infected regions, especially the local areas in the north of Guilin. The nucleotide and amino acid of S fragment and M fragment of Hantaviruses (HV) detected were highly homologous, and no obvious variation was found. Through analyzing the space-time characteristics, epidemiological characteristics and gene sequence of HFRS in Guangxi, it was found that areas rich in water, grass and moisture, such as paddy fields, are the main active areas for the host of HFRS
Twinky Star colored compomer produced by VOCO GmbH is a new type of filling material designed with seven different colors. Previous studies have shown that using the colored filling material can induce children' s curiosity and increase the acceptance for dental treatment. However, few studies have been conducted to evaluate it. Hence, the present study was designed to assess the mechanical and adhesive properties of this new compomer, examine its biological safety, and evaluate the effects of its clinical application on children' s adherence to dental treatment and the subsequent therapeutic outcomes. We found that Twinky Star compomer has a high compressive strength, good biaxial flexural strength, low wear rate, and good adhesive properties, and had little in vitro cytotoxic effects and did not cause apparent hemolysis in vivo. Finally, application of the compomer helped to improve children' s acceptance of treatment without affecting the subsequent therapeutic outcomes in the follow-up examinations. To summarize, the findings suggest that Twinky Star compomer meets the performance requirements for dental fillings, and can be recommended for future clinical application
Primary frontal sinus lymphoma is a rare disease, with the presenting symptoms that are secondary to the tumor mass effect and often misleading. Here we describe the case of a 43-year-old male patient who presented with a 4-week history of a gradually enlarging painful diffuse swelling over the right frontal sinus region. We report the clinical presentation, differential diagnosis and treatment of the case. We also reviewed the available literature on the diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in the frontal sinus region. The article emphasizes the importance of early recognition of this rare disease
Acute bronchitis is one of the most common diseases in the world. The Suhuang Zhike capsule is a part of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) that was approved to treat acute bronchitis. In order to study the clinical effects of the Suhuang Zhike capsule on acute bronchitis subjects, the clinical data of 96 patients from the Department of Lung Disease of Zhengzhou Traditional Chinese Hospital from June 2014 to June 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were randomly divided into a control group and a Suhuang Zhike capsule treatment group, each with 48 cases. The therapeutic effects of the treatments were evaluated on the tenth day. The results showed that the total effective rate of the observation group was 95.83%, which was significantly higher when compared with the control group, which was 72.91% (P less than 0.005). The clinical signs (e.g. coughing, itchy throat, dry cough without phlegm, little sputum) of the two groups obviously decreased, and the difference was statistically significant when compared with the pretreatment scores (P less than 0.005). The decreased rate of the observation group was significantly larger when compared with the control group (P less than 0.005). The time it took for the clinical symptoms of the observation group to resolve was significantly shorter when compared with the control group (P less than 0.005). After treatment, the serum levels of c-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-8 (IL-8), and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) of the two groups obviously decreased. There was a significant difference in these serum levels when compared with pre-treatment levels (P less than 0.005). The decreased rate of the observation group was obviously larger when compared with the control group (P less than 0.005). In the observation group, there were 3 cases with adverse reactions (nausea in 2 cases and mild vomiting in 1 case) during the observation period, with an adverse reaction rate of 6.25% In the control group, 10 cases developed adverse reactions (nausea in 2 cases, mild diarrhea in 3 cases, and mild vomiting in 5 cases), with an adverse reaction rate of 20.83% (P less than 0.005, vs the observation group). In this study, we showed that the Suhuang Zhike capsule provides positive therapeutic effects in the treatment of acute bronchitis by promoting the alleviation of the clinical symptoms in a short time and reducing the inflammation in the respiratory tract
Many cases of liver carcinoma miss the opportunity of surgical treatment because of hidden onset and delayed diagnosis. In recent years, interventional treatment has gradually become a non-surgical method for treating liver carcinoma. To discuss the effects of oxaliplatin in combination with epirubicin in the treatment and its influence on prognosis, this study randomly selected 218 advanced primary liver carcinoma patients from Binzhou People' s Hospital, Binzhou, China and divided them into a control group (n=109) and an observation group (n=109). Patients in both groups were given interventional treatment. Patients in the control group were perfused with oxaliplatin, while patients in the observation group were perfused with oxaliplatin and epirubicin. The effectsat 6-month and 12-month survival rates were compared between the two groups. The results demonstrated that the overall effective rate and clinical benefit rate of the observation group were much higher than those of the control group (30.3% vs 11.9%; 79.8%; vs 44.3%) (P less than 0.05). The serum Alpha Fetal Protein (AFP) and Carcino Embryonie Antigen (CEA) levels of the observation group were much lower than those of the control group; the Karnofsky performance score of the observation group was much lower than that of the control group; the two differences had statistical significance (P less than 0.05). The 6-month survival rate of the observation group was 91.67%, higher than that of the control group (86.11%) (P>0.05). The 12-month survival rate of the observation group was 83.33%, much higher than that of the control group (61.11%) (P less than 0.05). The difference of the incidence of adverse reactions between the two groups had no statistical significance (P>0.05). Thus, it can be concluded that oxaliplatin in combination with epirubicin can improve survival quality, extend survival time, and decrease the serum AFP and CEA levels in the treatment of primary liver carcinoma, with definite effects but without aggravating toxic and side effects. Therefore, the therapy has important clinical value
The aim of this paper is to study the correlation between the cardiac output index value and the prognosis of patients with heart disease with the help of Pulse-induced Contour Cardiac Output (PICCO) and computed tomography (CT). Three hundred eighteen patients with pathologically confirmed heart disease were selected as study subjects. The Sime ns Av anto 1.6T type superconducting magnetic resonance meter and GE Light Speed Pro 48 slice spiral CT were used for the phased array coil scanning and enhanced scanning, respectively and to analyze the relationship between the cardiac output index value and prognosis in patients with heart disease with the help of PICCO and CT. The accuracy rates of PICCO and CT in determining the cardiac output index of heart disease were 93.2% and 76.1%, respectively, which were significantly different (P less than 0.05). The coincidence rate between the results of the cardiac output index and pathological results of heart disease from PICCO and CT were 57.6%and 54.7%, respectively. According to the χ2 test results, the diagnostic results of PICCO were consistent with the pathological results of the heart disease group (Kappa = 0.039, 0.496, P less than 0.05). The coincidence rate for the five-year survival rate of PICCO/CT with the total survival rate and the results of the patients were 56.7% and 43.8%, respectively. The coincidence rate of PICCO and CT diagnosis results with the cardiac output index values, as well as prognosis results, was high. In judging the value of the cardiac output index and the prognosis of patients with heart disease, PICCO was superior to CT. The diagnostic results of PICCO have a strong correlation with the pathological results, therefore, PICCO can be used to accurately determine the cardiac output index and the prognoses of patients with heart disease.
In 1997 D'Andrea et al. described a new nosological entity the characteristics of which consisted of lengthening, dilation and tortuosity of blood vessels, arteries or veins, less prominent, but also less circumscribed than an aneurysm. This condition does not necessarily imply specific aneurysm formation although aneurysms at multiple sites are a frequent observation. The term used by authors for angiomegaly of the venous system was venomegaly and the analogous condition of the arterial system was termed arteriomegaly. Although tortuosity and dilation of arteries and veins have been widely reported, suggesting a systemic disorder which affects the structural integrity of all vessels, most papers dealing with this intriguing condition did not describe any alterations in the components of vessel walls. In the present paper, the authors describe a well-defined condition, D'Andrea's Disease (or DD, in this article), analyzing its salient morphological and clinical features and clarifying this pathological condition as a distinct and now well-defined nosological entity.
In 1979, Pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs) were approved by the Food and Drug Administration as an effective method in the treatment of non-unions. As well as PEMFs, also static magnetic fields (SMFs) have been widely investigated in orthopaedic studies. Even if the exact mechanism of action is not well understood, a large number of studies showed specific effects both at cellular and tissue levels. As bone fracture healing and osseointegration share the same biological events, the application of magnetic field stimulation in order to facilitate the osseointegration process has been suggested. In this study we investigated BIC and newly formed bone volume around dental implants inserted in the tibia of New Zealand rabbits after SMF stimulation, generated by a small-customized cover-screw-shaped neodymium-iron-bore magnet placed in the inner cavity of dental implants. As a result, we found that the SMF field generated around dental implants enhanced bone healing in the animal model. Our findings represent, to our knowledge, the first ready clinical technique for dental implants showing the ability of SMF to promote the osteogenesis process in vivo
Sports mouthguards have the potential to become a microbial reservoir, to produce oral and systemic diseases and cause changes in environmental oral factors, inhibiting the protective effect of saliva. The aim of this study was to monitor, in vivo, oral environmental changes caused by chlorhexidine and sports mouthguards and in vitro, the effects of microbial strains, saliva and chlorhexidine on Ethylene-Vinyl-Acetate (EVA) material. Seventy-two athletes were analyzed at different time points: before training session (T0), post-training (TA), post-training with mouthguard (TB), post-training with mouthguard and chlorhexidine (TC). At each time of observation, saliva was collected and subjected to microbiological analysis. In vitro, EVA disks were incubated with bacterial cultures, saliva and clorexidine. Culture of supernatant solution, SEM and bacterial counts of EVA disks were performed. S. mutans and Candida spp. load decreased significantly in TC. The pH value significantly decreased in TB and improved in TC. In vitro, the analyzed bacteria were organized to form a biofilm on the EVA disk surface. The addition of chlorhexidine to the bacterial culture and saliva inhibited the growth in all tested conditions. In vivo, the use of chlorhexidine associated with the sports mouthguard inhibited the growth of pathogenic microbial species, and improved pH values. In vitro, EVA stimulated biofilm formation on its surface, but this action was contrasted by chlorhexidine. The effects found in vitro encouraged the use of chlorhexidine in vivo as a valuable tool in the use of mouthguards
Berberine, a quaternary isoquinoline alkaloid present in Berberis aristata, is well known in terms of cholesterol-lowering, hypoglycemic, and insulin sensitizing effects. Because of its low oral bioavailability, to improve intestinal absorption it has been recently combined with silymarin (Silybum marianum). The aim of our placebo controlled study was to evaluate the effects of its association with silymarin on abdominal fat in overweight/obese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). To do so, 136 obese subjects with T2DM and metabolic syndrome were analyzed for fasting blood glucose and insulin, Insulin Resistance index according to the Homeostatic Model Assessment (HOMA-R), total, HDL and LDL cholesterol, triglycerides, uric acid, BMI, waist circumference, waist to hip ratio and underwent bioelectrical impedance to assess % of abdominal fat. All the above-mentioned parameters, as recorded at enrollment, after 6 months and at the end of the study, had significantly improved in the BBR-treated group in respect to baseline and to the control group. A validated national cardiovascular risk score also improved significantly after BBR treatment in respect to placebo. Our results point to a clinically significant effect in obese people with T2DM and metabolic syndrome. Moreover, for the first time, they provide evidence of a significant uric acid lowering activity as an additive beneficial effect of the association BBR + silymarin
3,5-diiodo-L-thyronine (T2), a naturally existing iodothyronine, has biological effects on humans, but no information is available on its action on pancreatic b-cells. We evaluated its effect vs triiodothyronine (T3), on glucose-induced insulin secretion in INS-1e cells, a rat insulinoma line, and on human islets. INS-1e were incubated in the presence/absence of T2 or T3 (0.1 nmol/L-10 μmol/L), and glucose (3.3, 7.5, 11.0, and 20 mmol/L). Insulin release and content (at 11.0 and 20 mmol/L glucose) were significantly (p less than 0.01) stimulated by 1-100 nmol/L T2 and 0.1 nmol/L-1.0 μmol/L T3, and inhibited with higher concentrations of both (1'10 μmol/L T2 and 10 μmol/L T3). Human islets were incubated with 3.3 mmol/L glucose in presence/absence of T3 or T2 (0.1 nmol/L, 0.1 μmol/L, and 1 μmol/L). T2 (0.1 nmol/L-0.1 μmol/L) significantly (p less than0.01) stimulated insulin secretion, while higher concentrations (1 μmol/L) inhibited it. A modest increase in insulin secretion was evidenced with 1 μmol/L T3. In conclusion, T2 and T3 have a direct regulatory role in insulin secretion, depending on their concentrations and the glucose level itself. At concentrations near the physiological range, T2 enhances glucose-induced insulin secretion in both rat b-cells and human islets.
To compare the effectiveness of Doctor Tecar TherapyTM with that of laser therapy in the management of low back pain (LBP), a total of 60 patients with LBP were enrolled. The participants were randomly divided into two groups: a Tecar group (experimental group, 30 subjects), and a laser group (control group, 30 subjects). All the subjects received 10 sessions of therapy: one each day from Monday to Friday and the same again the following week. All the subjects were evaluated for pain (VAS) and disability (Roland and Morris score and Oswestry score) at baseline (T0), and 2 weeks (T1), 1 month (T2) and 2 months (T3) after the end of treatment. The pain and disability presented a trend to improvement over time in both groups. This improvement was statistically significant at all follow-ups (FUs) in the Tecar group but only at T1 for the Laser group (p less than 0.01). Comparing the two methods, there emerged a significant difference in favour of the Tecar group at T2 and T3 (p less than 0.01). The results show that Tecar therapy determined significant improvement already by the end of the treatment. Moreover, at the first and second month FUs, the Tecar therapy showed statistically better results than laser therapy
The aim of the present study is to define the optimal thread form and why the macroscopic shape of the dental intra-osseous implant interacts with the biological environment thus conditioning its lifespan and long-term success
The aim of this study is to determine in an experimental way through mechanical tests the static, fatigue and torque resistance of two types of implant/abutment connectors with diameters of 3.4'5.2 mm
Acrylates and methacrylates are a large group of chemically reactive monomers that are polymerized into acrylic plastics. These have very broad applications in glues, coatings and various plastic materials. Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) caused by acrylates can be occupational, mainly in dentistry workers during the manufacturing and implantation of dental prosthesis, and in nail technicians during the sculpturing and application of artificial nails. The clinical manifestations vary according to the location of the contact. In non-occupational ACD, hand eczema, pulpitis and stomatitis are more frequent. We conducted a study to investigate the frequency of sensitization to acrylates, determining the most frequently sensitizing acrylates and assessing the possible role of 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (2-HEMA) as a screening allergen. From January 2013 to December 2014, 217 patients with a personal history and symptoms suggestive of contact dermatitis were patch tested with an extended series of acrylates at the Dermatology and Allergology Units of the University Hospital of Bari. Seven patients (3.2%) had positive reactions. The reactions were related to artificial nails in 2 patients (28.6%), both beauticians, and dental material in 5 patients (71.4%) with dental prosthesis. 2-HEMA detected 100%of sensitized patients to acrylates