CD157 is a GPI-anchored cell surface glycoprotein expressed by human peripheral blood neutrophils. Cross-linking of CD157 induces intracellular Ca2+ mobilization and re-shaping in neutrophils, thus regulating their adhesive and migratory properties. Results obtained by immunolocalization and confocal microscopy indicate that CD157 lies in close proximity to the CD11b/CD18 complex which is strongly expressed on the activated neutrophil cell membrane where it plays a predominant role in adhesion. This study analyses the physical association between CD157 and CD18 in human neutrophils by co-immunoprecipitation experiments. The anti-CD157 monoclonal antibody RF3 co-precipitates CD18, and the anti-CD18 antibody TS1/18 co-precipitates CD157 from human neutrophil lysates. These results confirm that CD157 physically interacts with CD11b/CD18 complex in human neutrophils.
The aim of the study was to correlate tumoral DNA ploidy and Ki-67 expression with therapy response, Overall Survival (OS), Disease Specific Survival (DSS) and Disease Free Survival (DFS). Three samples of colorectal cancer were collected from each patient. One sample of normal tissue was our internal control. DNA ploidy was evaluated by FACSCalibur cytometer and Ki-67 by immunohistochemistry. We studied 67 patients and we found aneuploidy in 65,7 percent of carcinoma with a Ki-67 median expression of 55 percent. After surgery and chemotherapy in 35 percent of the patients with aneuploid carcinoma and high proliferative activity (Ki-67 greater than 55 percent) there were no evidence of disease versus 100 percent of patients with DNA diploidy and low proliferative activity (Ki-67 less than 55 percent). Tumoral aneuploidy significantly correlated with lower OS, DSS and DFS (18 percent vs 86 percent at 30 months). Univariated analysis demonstrated a significant correlation between aneuploidy and develop disease progression (p=0,033, odd ratio=5.7), while the cut-off of 55 percent for Ki-67 expression did not correlate with OS, DSS and DFS. Preliminary results (the study is still in progress) seemed to suggest that DNA ploidy has a prognostic and predictive significance in colorectal carcinoma.
In this paper we examined the variations of plasmatic concentrations of hypoxanthine and xanthine, and their relation with other important indicators of muscular stress creatine-kinase (CK), myoglobin, uric acid, leucocytes, in prolonged, isokynetic physical exercise, performed in a concentric mode at different joint excursion. Twenty healthy male subjects performed isokinetic exercises in concentric-concentric mode, with joint excursion of 30, 60, 90 deg/sec. Blood samples were drawn at rest, immediately after exercise and after 45 min of recovery. The plasmatic concentration of hypoxanthine increased at the end of physical exercise, compared to the rest value of about 1,5 micromol/L, up to a level of greater than 19 micromol/L; the values were higher after a period of recovery of 45 min and the increase varies considerably according to the type of exercise that was performed. Myoglobin has a slight but sensible increment too, with the same trend as hypoxanthine, while CK increase without correlation to the type of exercises. The relation with other indicators of muscular activity demonstrates that in none of the different isokinetic exercises, performed at concentric mode, was there ultrastructural damage, while it is possible to come across a considerable metabolic stress, which is dissimilar in the different kinds of exercises. The results suggest that hypoxanthine can be useful in monitoring the effectiveness of a work load and the metabolic stress consequences on the muscle tissue in training or rehabilitation programs. The results also suggest that even myoglobin, at small concentrations, can have the same function.
Dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP) is a phosphorylated parent protein that is cleaved post-translationally into three dentin components: dentin sialoprotein, dentin glycoprotein, and dentin phosphoprotein. In this study we evaluated the dentin sialophosphoprotein expression in human tooth germs to determine its role in tooth development and matrix deposition. DSPP gene expression was investigated performing reverse-transcription polymerase chain-reaction (RT-PCR) and a microarray analysis carried out using high density array containing 21.329 transcripts in replicates. To test for the expression of the DSPP protein, were performed western immunoblot and immunohistochemical analysis during different phases of tissues and matrix formation. All the analysis performed showed high expression level of DSPP in human tooth germs indicating that it may play an essential role for physiological and pathological events in tooth development.
To assess the increasing sensitivity to cypress, we evaluated a group of allergic subjects living in Apulia who had been referred for respiratory symptoms to the Section for Allergic and Immunological Diseases (SAID) of Bari University Hospital in the period between January and March 2006, and compared them with a group evaluated during the same months of 2003. We submitted all patients to Skin Prick Tests (SPT) and Radio-Allergo-Sorbent Tests (RAST). Our data show that the percentage of people sensitised to cypress has increased from 28.6 percent (2003) to 65.5 percent (2006). By contrast, we observed no variations in sensitisation to other substances. Since according to data furnished by the Italian Association of Areobiology (AIA), Monitoring Center of Brindisi 1, there was a variation in the quantity of pollen grains in 2006 as compared to 2003, it seems conceivable that an increase in the amount of pollen grains, together with other factors may influence the increasing sensitization, like the volume and the brittleness of the grain. In addition, other allergo-immunologic parameters are evaluated in order to better evaluate this allergic phlogosis.