Sander bite jumping appliance (BJA) is a functional appliance used to correct Class II malocclusion in growing patients. The aim of this study was to identify the dento-skeletal effects in patients treated with BJA before growth peak and to compare these effects with the ones obtained in a similar group treated with the Andresen activator (AA). Twenty subjects with class II relationship of the skeletal bases and cervical vertebrae maturation stage 1 or 2 were enrolled in the study and treated with BJA. This group were compared to 14 subjects treated with AA. Cephalometric analyses were carried out using landmarks derived from the analyses of Pancherz, Ricketts, Tweed and Steiner. After treatment with BJA Pg/OLp increase was 7.40±3.81 mm (P<0.001); Pg/OLp+Co/OLp significantly heightened from T0 to T1 (T0: 82.20±4.65 mm vs T1: 89.62±4.27, P<0.001). Overjet (is/OLp - ii/OLp) significantly decreased from T0 to T1 (T0: 7.40±2.31 mm vs T1: 3.05±1.34 mm, P<0.001). Molar relationship improved passing from 1.46±1.68 mm at T0 to -3.56±2.04 mm at T1 (P<0.001). No statistically significant differences were found between BJA and AA groups at T0 and T1. BJA treatment determined a Class II malocclusion correction in all patients. The correction of molar relationship was mainly due to the increase in mandibular length; the correction of the overjet was due to the increase in mandibular length, to the slight pro-inclination of the lower incisors and the mild retro-inclination of the upper incisors. No significant differences were found in effectiveness between BJA and AA.
The atrophic posterior ridges are usually characterized by poor bone quality and quantity: this situation requires the use of bone regenerative techniques. Other alternative surgical approaches are investigated. Nowadays the use of trans-sinus implants offers some advantages due to its feasibility. Today, bone grafting may be practical, but depends on many factors, such as the type of bone graft used (autogenous, alloplastic, or xenograft), host response, age of the patient, various complications associated with grafting procedures, infection, and, most importantly, the time spent while the grafted material matures and is taken up by the bone. So, this case report describes the feasibility of an alternative surgical technique associated to PRP (Platelet Rich Plasma).
Use of the so-called distalizing mechanics is a common treatment to correct class II malocclusion. One of the first appliances made for molar distalization was the pendulum, which resulted immediately efficient. The knowledge of pendulum efficacy, in regards to distalizing treatment in adolescence, has guided the research to analyze pendulum effect in childhood: checking the pre-eruptive, natural and distal movement of upper second premolar following first upper molar distalization in order to obtain an advance resolution on Angle's Class II patient, limited treatment time, reduced periodontal inflammation and stress on permanent teeth root. A pilot study testing the possibility of a prospective study was necessary on 6 patients treated following an accurate protocol (6 months and 1-year Rx control) and 6 patient control after one year. Statistical analysis by T-Test was done. Oral hygiene controls every month were done. Second upper bicuspid vertical (1.6mm) and sagittal (2.5mm) movement mean values allow to emphasize a distal variation of tooth axis inclination of treatment group than control group, and a second upper bicuspid distal departure from "gubernaculus dentis" of second deciduous molar in treated patients. Periodontal inflammation appears inexistent on second and first upper premolar germs after the comparison between RX exam of treatment and control groups because of exploiting deciduous teeth. Besides periodontal inflammation and teeth root stress on first upper molar of treatment group, after RX analysis, results were limited compared to control groups because of the advanced orthodontic interceptive treatment during a previous stage of first upper molar root development.
Medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) is a major disease under study for over the last twenty years. Different classifications have been proposed and many therapies for the different stages have been applied. The evolution of treatments lead to an increasingly conservative approach. Numerous adjuvant treatments have been proposed in the last decade. All these complementary treatments have been proposed mainly to resolve or reduce the painful stress, predominantly caused by bacterial infection, simplifying the wound healing process and improving patients' compliance. Nowadays "secondary" treatments, such as autologous platelet concentrates (APCs, more specifically PRP, PRGF or PRF), hyperbaric oxygen (HBO), Auto/tetracycline fluorescence-guided bone surgery (AF-GBS/TF-GBS), medical drugs like teriparatide or the combination between pentoxifylline and tocopherol, fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET), laser and/or low-laser therapy and ozone therapy are more or less well documented and known considering their clinical effectiveness. The aim of the present review is the evaluation of the quantity and quality of scientific studies concerning this specific topic.
The introduction of computer-assisted and guided surgery has radically improved the possibility of using all available bone for implant support, reducing the need for extensive grafting procedures and allowing for better implant placement and restoration. Moreover, fresh frozen homologous bone (FFB) grafts have shown good osteoconductive properties and biocompatibility with results comparable to autologous bone patients. The purpose of this retrospective cohort study was to evaluate the survival and the success rate of implants and related fixed full arch prosthesis at the 5 to 8 years follow-up when performed with immediate function using a flapless surgical procedure and computer-aided technology (NobelGuide®, Nobel Biocare® AB, Goteborg, Sweden) in patients previously treated with FFB grafts; treated at the University of Verona with the NobelGuide® system from January 2007 to December 2012 with at least 5 years follow-up were reviewed. Survival implants and survival prosthesis' percentage reached 95% in a 5 to 8-year period. This study indicates that patients previously augmented with FFB graft for maxillary or mandibular bone atrophy can be safely treated with implant supported prosthesis based on the NobelGuide® protocol, with the aid of computer-generated guide.
The infant, like the young un-cooperative or odontophobic patient, constitute the most complex type of patient to be treated and it is frequent in modern society. The treatment of these patients is necessary to resolve the infectious-antalgic urgency and subsequently to build the patient/doctor relationship for continuing general dental care. Conscious sedation is the only way to approach this type of patient. Where therapeutic success with traditional sedation techniques is not achieved, as frequently happens in these patients, sedation with ketamine is the extreme ratio for the purpose of effective resolution of the dental problem, obviously carried out within facilities authorized for these anesthesiological modalities such as private outpatient surgery structures where, when necessary, it is possible to carry out the treatments also under general anesthesia as well as with ketamine.
Bisphosphonate Related Osteonecrosis of the Jaw (BRONJ) is a pathology initially described in the early 2000s that has become increasingly common in clinical dentistry and maxillofacial practice due to the frequent use of bisphosphonates medical drugs (BPs) to treat various diseases such as osteoporosis, Paget's syndrome, osteomyelitis and in bone metastases secondary to tumors. Supragingival irrigation applied as monotherapy and in combination with root planning or BFs related bone necrosectomy revealed that supragingival irrigation with a variety of agents reduced the gingival microbial load and gingival inflammation. In this 4-year follow-up study we analyze the use of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) as an antimicrobial agent for maintenance periodontal health, improving the longevity of teeth and oral cavity healing process
The aim of present study is a macro evaluation of adjustment to allow homeostasis before and after frenectomy. Macro analysis was done on 7 pediatric patients tested firstly simple surface elettromyography (EMG) to evaluate masticatory muscles, secondly the Romberg's test to assess the posture and thirdly cephalometric analysis according to Giannì and Rocabado to assess orthodontic variations. The frenectomy was performed with diode laser (wavelength 890 nm). Pre-frenectomy EMG outcomes indicate a clear masticatory muscular imbalance with a different electrical activity compared to physiological standard values and functional basal balance. Results after frenectomy EMG show a normalization of basal values with an improvement of mandibular posture. Depending on cephalometric analysis, outcomes reveal a tendency to normalize the cervical lordosis, previously altered. Ultimately, pre-frenectomy Romberg's test shows initial instability in the static posture, which decreases after frenectomy. In conclusion, the short lingual fraenum not only has static correlations with the oral cavity but also dynamic connections with the cervical posture and muscular basal organization. So, homeostasis includes macro alterations involving muscular tone and bone position. Frenectomy could favor the restoration of the basal eutonia achieved by a natural homeostasis.
The rehabilitation of maxillary bone atrophy represents one of the main challenges of modern oral implantology. The use of zygomatic implants in the prosthetic rehabilitation of the patient affected by severe maxillary bone atrophy is another therapeutic alternative, not exempt from complications. The present study included 19 patients with edentulous maxillae who were treated between 2013 to 2015 with at least two zygomatic implants at the Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, Verona, Italy. The purpose of this retrospective longitudinal study was to evaluate sinus complications and radiological, periodontal and prosthetic evaluations of zygomatic implants technique in severe atrophic. Implant-prosthetic rehabilitation of the upper jaw edentulous severely atrophic using zygomatic implants represents one safe and repeatable technique. In terms of implant survival from our study showed an implant CRS (common reporting standard) of 98.5% and a prosthetic CRS 100% with a mean follow-up period of 19.2 months (range). Both recorded data are superimposed on major reported studies in literature.