J Biol Regul Homeost Agents. 2021 Jul-Aug;35(4 Suppl. 1):41-49. doi: 10.23812/21-4supp1-4.

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Comparison of hygiene levels in metal-ceramic and stratified zirconia in prosthetic rehabilitation on teeth and implants: a retrospective clinical study of a three-year follow-up

Cattoni F1, Tetè G1, D’orto B1, Bergamaschi A2, Polizzi E1, Gastaldi G1.

Author information

1  Dental School, Vita-Salute University and Department of Dentistry, IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital, Milan, Italy.
2  Private practice, Milan, Italy.


The aim of this retrospective clinical study was to evaluate and compare oral hygiene levels in patients subjected to fixed metal-ceramic or stratified zirconia prostheses, either on teeth or on dental implants. Twenty patients, including 10 with metal-ceramic prostheses and 10 with stratified zirconia, were engaged for the study. Considering the prosthesis positioning phase as zero time, all patients were examined twice a year for a follow-up period of 3 years. During each session, to assess oral cavity state of health, both the Plaque Index (IP) and the Bleeding Index (BOP) were recorded. All patients were instructed in home hygiene maintenance and subjected to professional oral hygiene sessions customized according to prothesis type (on natural teeth or dental implants) and materials (metal ceramic or stratified zirconia). Statistically significant evidence was found in IP values, with an increase in the initial stages in zirconia prostheses and in the final stages in metal-ceramic ones. BOP levels showed a reduction during the follow-up period, but no statistically significant differences were found between examined groups. An adequate patient education in hygiene maintenance associated with professional oral hygiene sessions with special tools could positively affect fixed prostheses’ maintenance, both on natural teeth and on dental implants.


oral hygiene, prosthetic rehabilitation, zirconia protheses

Publication type

  • Clinical Study

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