J Biol Regul Homeost Agents. 2020 Nov-Dec;34(6):2049-2058. doi: 10.23812/20-558-L.



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LncRNA XIST regulates cell proliferation, migration and invasion of glioblastoma via regulating miR-448 and ROCK1

Li HL1, Han PH2, Pan DQ3, Chen G4, Lu XH4, Li J5.


Long non-coding ribonucleic acids (lncRNAs) have been recognized as markers in several cancers and play important roles in glioblastoma (GBM). But the role of lncRNA X inactive-specific transcript (XIST) in GBM and its possible mechanisms are rarely studied in depth. This study was conducted to explore the detailed roles of XIST in cell proliferation, migration, and invasion of GBM. Expressions of XIST, miR-448, and ρ associated coiled coil containing protein kinase 1 (ROCK1) were detected by qRT-PCR or Western blot in A172 and U251 cells. The interactions among XIST, miR-448 and ROCK1 were verified through luciferase reporter assay and RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) assay. Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay and Transwell assay were introduced to detect how XIST knockdown, miR-448 overexpression, or along with ROCK1 overexpression affect cellular malignancy of GBM cells. XIST and ROCK1 were up-regulated while miR-448 expression was decreased in GBM cells. XIST knockdown or miR-448 overexpression could dramatically inhibit GBM cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. Moreover, XIST negatively regulated miR-448 expression through the function as competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA), thus leading to the up-regulation of ROCK1, one miR-448 target gene. Moreover, ROCK1 overexpression could reverse the suppression of XIST knockdown or miR-448 upregulation on cellular malignancy. In brief, the effects of XIST may promote cellular malignancy of GBM through miR-448/ROCK1 axis, which will provide new understanding of GBM pathogenesis and progression.


ROCK1, XIST, cellular malignancy, glioblastoma, miR-448

Publication type

  • Journal Article

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