J Biol Regul Homeost Agents. 2019 Jan-Feb;33(1):19-28.
Effect of zinc, copper and resveratrol supplementation on the urinary level of 15-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid at the early stage of breast cancer in rats.
- 1 Department of Bromatology, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.
- 2 Department of Pathology and Veterinary Diagnostics, Warsaw University of Life Science, Warsaw, Poland.
- 3 Department of Physiotherapy, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw Poland.
The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of zinc and copper, separately or in combination with resveratrol, on the concentration of 15-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (15-HETE) in urine of rats with mammary cancer (adenocarcinoma) induced with 7,12- dimethyl-1,2-benz[a]anthracene (+ DMBA). The research focused on the kinetics of alterations in urinary 15-HETE at the early stage of carcinogenesis, as well as on the influence of dietary factors on the process. The content of 15-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid in the rats’ urine was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The 15-HETE level was standardized by conversion to the creatinine level. Regardless of the diet (standard, Zn, Zn+resveratrol, Cu, Cu+resveratrol), DMBA-induced breast carcinogenesis was not inhibited. On the contrary, in the Zn+resveratrol supplemented group, tumorigenesis developed at a considerably faster rate. It was found that the supplementation of the rats’ diet with zinc only or zinc plus resveratrol resulted in a reduction of the 15-HETE level in urine of rats with mammry cancer (+ DMBA) as compared with control rats (- DMBA). A statistically lower concentration of 15-HETE was found in urine of rats supplemented with zinc or copper with resveratrol when compared with the animals that received only zinc or copper (p=0.02; p=0.0001). Summing up the obtained results, it can be concluded that the level of 15-HETE in urine of the examined animals depended on the applied supplementation.
Key words: 15-HETE, cancer, zinc, cooper, resveratrol
- Journal Article