J Biol Regul Homeost Agents. 2018 Nov-Dec;32(6):1569-1572.
Percutaneous headless screws and wide-awake anesthesia to fix metacarpal and phalangeal fractures: outcomes of the first 56 cases.
- 1 AOU Pisana, Orthopaedic and Trauma Unit, University of Pisa, Italy.
- 2 Orthopaedic and Trauma Unit ASL 3, Pistoia, Italy.
- 3 AOU Careggi, Hand and Microsurgery Reconstruction Unit, Florence, Italy.
Phalangeal (P) and metacarpal (MC) fractures are very common injuries, with potentially disabling, residual impairment, deformities or stiffness. Conservative treatment represents the strategy of choice in most cases, but in unstable fractures and/or high-demanding patients, surgical fixation could be required. Ideally, the best treatment choice will be the intramedullary fixation systems, if possible without the implant protruding from the skin. Intramedullary headless screw fixation could be the reliable option to achieve a primary fixation, allowing an early active movement, with regard to the fractures site. The Authors analyzed the results achieved after 56 extra-articular unstable fractures (31 phalangeal fracture and 25 metacarpal fracture) treated with intramedullary headless compression screws. After surgery, patients underwent early mobilization without splinting. The results of the study suggest that this technique could be a reliable therapeutic option in order to obtain early mobilization and quick return to work after a phalangeal or metacarpal fracture, especially for high-demanding patients.