3D software scanning, processing and archiving palatal rugae: “identity base” technology.
- 1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy.
- 2 Department of Clinical Science and Translational Medicine, University of Rome “Tor Vergata”, Rome, Italy.
The palatal rugae, which are anatomically described as folds or wrinkles of the palate, are located on the anterior third of the palate on each side of the palatal raphe and behind the incisive papilla. The use of palatal rugae for personal identification was suggested several years ago, and attracted interest from different researchers which created different classifications, still used in scientific literature. The “identity base” (IB) system has as its object a complex information system and a personal identification protocol by means of three-dimensional palatal scans in digital format. The usefulness of this system is based on the management needs of big data. For example, in the field of forensic odontology, IB can be useful in the identification of a living or cadaver subject; and can estimate the age of a human subject. Moreover, IB stores its associated biometric data. The IB system demonstrated to overcome the issues shown by other similar systems of digital image storage. Furthermore, its high accuracy in the identification process makes IB a reliable tool for institutions in the management of immigrants, as well as in the archiving of people under restrictive measures. Finally, IB is also a system for sharing and processing clinical images, useful in dental prosthetics to reduce the number of steps from the first visit to dental prosthesis. The next generation of big-data archiving will speak the same language as IB: the route has been already set out.